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What are certificates used for?
What are certificates used for? Certificates are used primarily to verify the identity of a person or device, authenticate a service, or encrypt files. Normally you won't have to think about certificates at all. You might, however, see a message telling you that a certificate is expired or invalid. ...
2009-03-17, 4213👍, 0💬

When do I need a certificate?
When do I need a certificate? Certificates are usually provided for you automatically. For example, you need a certificate to use a secure website for a transaction, such as purchasing something or banking online. You also need a certificate if you want to encrypt a file using Encrypting File System...
2009-03-17, 3997👍, 0💬

When would I need a certificate that's not provided for me automatically?
When would I need a certificate that's not provided for me automatically? If you want a certificate for your personal use, it might not be provided automatically. For example, if you want to protect e-mail with a digital signature, you need to get the certificate yourself.
2009-03-10, 4000👍, 0💬

How do I get a certificate that is not provided automatically?
How do I get a certificate that is not provided automatically? Contact a certification authority and apply for a certificate. For example, if you want to protect e-mail with a digital signature, you need to get a personal certificate. Certification authorities, such as VeriSign or Thawte, provide pe...
2009-03-10, 4873👍, 0💬

What is a certification authority?
What is a certification authority? Certification authorities are the organizations that issue certificates. They establish and verify the authenticity of public keys that belong to people or other certification authorities, and they verify the identity of a person or organization that asks for a cer...
2009-03-03, 4059👍, 0💬

What are untrusted certificates?
What are untrusted certificates? An untrusted certificate is a certificate that a certification authority has revoked, or a certificate that for other reasons has been placed in the Untrusted Certificates folder on your computer. If a certification authority discovers that the identification informa...
2009-03-03, 4848👍, 0💬

Do I need to back up my certificates?
Do I need to back up my certificates? Most certificates don't need to be backed up. However, if you encrypt files with Encrypting File System (EFS), you should back up your EFS certificates so you don't lose your data. For more information about how to back up your EFS certificates, see Back up Encr...
2009-02-25, 4343👍, 0💬

How can I see my certificates?
How can I see my certificates? You must be logged on as an administrator to perform these steps. You can see the certificates on your computer by opening Certificate Manager. Open Certificate Manager by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button, typing certmgr.msc into the Search box, an...
2009-02-25, 4445👍, 0💬

What are the different kinds of certificates?
What are the different kinds of certificates? These are some of the most common types of certificates and what they are used for: Certificate type What it's used for Encrypting File System Encrypting and decrypting documents. Server authentication Verifying the identity of a server to computers that...
2009-02-17, 5965👍, 0💬

Why do I need a certificate to use Encrypting File System (EFS)?
Why do I need a certificate to use Encrypting File System (EFS)? EFS uses an encryption key to encrypt your data. The encryption key is bound to a certificate. The first time you encrypt a file or folder, an encryption certificate and key will be created for you.
2009-02-17, 4226👍, 0💬

What Is VSToolbar (VSAdd-in.dll)?
What Is VSToolbar (VSAdd-in.dll)? 1. From fileinfo.prevx.com/fileinfo.as p?PXC=f77250043136,it was an information page about VSAdd-in.dll: DEFINITION OF: VSADD-IN.DLL * Safety Rating: Known Malware, do not run * Malware Family: Part of Malware group - Adware VSToolbar * Malware Form: EXPLOIT * Prote...
2009-02-10, 4366👍, 0💬

Trojan and Malware "Puper" Removal
Trojan and Malware "Puper" Removal While looking at the c:\windows\system32, I noticed 3 strange suspicious files: >dir C:\WINDOWS\system32 07/21/2006 09:43 PM 17,750 vqfupqnr.exe 07/24/2006 12:22 AM 17,750 opuryycl.exe 07/24/2006 09:51 PM 17,750 uceysmkw.exe Zipped all 3 suspicious files into a zip...
2009-02-10, 4217👍, 0💬

What Is Trojan Puper?
What Is Trojan Puper? 1. From www.spynomore.com/trojan-searc h-hijacker-puper-updatesearche s.htmAlias of Puper are Puper.UpdateSearches and Trojan.Puper Puper.UpdateSearches is a trojan malware application that changes Internet Explorer's default home page and default search URL and redirects traffi...
2009-02-03, 4384👍, 0💬

Removing Trojan Vundo with FixVundo.exe from Symantec
Removing Trojan Vundo with FixVundo.exe from Symantec 1. Downloaded FixVundo.exe from http://securityresponse.symant ec.com/avcenter/FixVundo.exe:11/04/2006 08:51 AM 166,064 FixVundo.exe File properties: File version: 1.5.0.0 Copyright: Copyright(C) 2004 Symantec Corporation 2. Closed all applicatio...
2009-01-28, 9549👍, 0💬

Finding and Removing vtsts.dll Manually
Finding and Removing vtsts.dll Manually the following steps to remove vtsts.dll: 1. Copy of the above suspicious files into a ZIP file, vundo_200611.zip. 2. Try to delete vtsts.dll with File Explorer. But I got a "File in use" error. 3. Try to delete vtsts.dll with HijackThis: Run HijackThis Do a sy...
2009-01-20, 4461👍, 0💬

Removing xxxxxxxx.dll Files Generated by Vundo
Removing xxxxxxxx.dll Files Generated by Vundo 1. Zipped all 2 suspicious files into a zip file, bho_200611.zip, and tried to delete them: >del C:\WINDOWS\system32\swcskmxu.d ll(deleted) >del C:\WINDOWS\system32\gidijvia.d ll(not deleted because it is in use) 2. Closed all Internet Explorer wi...
2009-01-13, 4514👍, 0💬

Instructions on Full Removal of Trojan Vundo
Instructions on Full Removal of Trojan Vundo 1. From http://vil.nai.com/vil/content /v_127690.htm.This is the official McAfee site. It suggests you to: * Download Process Explorer (procexp.exe) from http://www.sysinternals.com/nt w2k/freeware/procexp.shtml.* Reboot the infected machine * Launch the ...
2009-01-13, 4886👍, 0💬

What is VirusScan
What is VirusScan? VirusScan is one of the McAfee Security products from Network Associates Technology. VirusScan offers the following components: * VirusScan Consol - The main user interface to configure and use features of VirusScan. * On-Access Scan - It can be used to automatically scan all file...
2009-01-06, 4296👍, 0💬

Detecting Trojan Vundo with McAfee VirusScan
Detecting Trojan Vundo with McAfee VirusScan 1. The first interesting note is on how McAfee VirusScan reacts to the DLL files. As unzip the bho_200610.zip file that contains those suspicious DLL files, McAfee VirusScan On-Access Scan pops up a window telling that: fcissfvg.dll Vundo Trojan Deleted l...
2009-01-06, 4467👍, 0💬

Partial Removal of Trojan Vundo
Partial Removal of Trojan Vundo 1. Looked at C:\WINDOWS\system32, and found the following suspicious files: >dir C:\WINDOWS\system32 10/02/2006 10:42 PM 86,068 fcissfvg.dll 10/03/2006 10:31 PM 86,036 lyssmlnb.dll 10/12/2006 09:52 PM 98,324 yjsallam.dll 2. Looked at IE > Internet Options > P...
2008-12-30, 4239👍, 0💬

What Is Trojan Vundo?
What Is Trojan Vundo? Vundo is a malicious program for Windows system. Here are some short descriptions of Vundo I found on the Internet: 1. From www.spynomore.com/articles/vun do-trojan-specifics-and-remova l.php:Vundo (also known as VirtuMonde and VirtuMundo) is a malicious software application tha...
2008-12-30, 4872👍, 0💬

Removing Windows Messenger Extra Button
Removing Windows Messenger Extra Button Symptom: When Windows Messenger is installed on your computer, an extra button shows up on your IE browser Windows Messenger button offers your a quick way to log into Windows Messenger chat service. However, it does take away space from your standard buttons ...
2008-12-23, 4747👍, 0💬

Removing NetZero Toolbar - Toolbar.dll
Removing NetZero Toolbar - Toolbar.dll Symptom: When NetZero toolbar is installed on your computer, an extra toolbar shows up on your IE browser NetZero toolbar offers you a search box and icons for NetZero related services. However, it does take away space from your browser window to make a "bar" t...
2008-12-23, 4622👍, 0💬

Removing MySearch Toolbar - S4BAR.DLL
Removing MySearch Toolbar - S4BAR.DLL Symptom: When MySearch toolbar is installed on your computer, an extra toolbar shows up on your IE browser MySearch toolbar offers you a quick way to perform a Web search with 3 default search engines: google.com, yahoo.com, and ask.com. However, it does take aw...
2008-12-16, 4695👍, 0💬

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